美国西奈山伊坎医学院Mark G. Lebwohl团队分析了罗氟司特乳膏治疗慢性斑块型银屑病的效果。2020年7月16日，该成果发表在《新英格兰医学杂志》上。
Title: Trial of Roflumilast Cream for Chronic Plaque Psoriasis
Author: Mark G. Lebwohl, M.D.,, Kim A. Papp, M.D., Ph.D.,, Linda Stein Gold, M.D.,, Melinda J. Gooderham, M.D.,, Leon H. Kircik, M.D.,, Zoe D. Draelos, M.D.,, Steven E. Kempers, M.D.,, Mathew Zirwas, M.D.,, Kathleen Smith, M.B.A.,, David W. Osborne, Ph.D.,, Marie-Louise Trotman, M.S.,, Lynn Navale, M.S.,, Charlotte Merritt, M.B.A.,, David R. Berk, M.D.,, and Howard Welgus, M.D.
Systemic oral phosphodiesterase type 4 (PDE-4) inhibitors have been effective in the treatment of psoriasis. Roflumilast cream contains a PDE-4 inhibitor that is being investigated for the topical treatment of psoriasis.
In this phase 2b, double-blind trial, we randomly assigned adults with plaque psoriasis in a 1:1:1 ratio to use roflumilast 0.3% cream, roflumilast 0.15% cream, or vehicle (placebo) cream once daily for 12 weeks. The primary efficacy outcome was the investigator’s global assessment (IGA) of a status of clear or almost clear at week 6 (assessed on a 5-point scale of plaque thickening, scaling, and erythema; a score of 0 indicates clear, 1 almost clear, and 4 severe). Secondary outcomes included an IGA score indicating clear or almost clear plus a 2-grade improvement in the IGA score for the intertriginous area and the change in the Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) score (range, 0 to 72, with higher scores indicating worse disease). Safety was also assessed.
Among 331 patients who underwent randomization, 109 were assigned to roflumilast 0.3% cream, 113 to roflumilast 0.15% cream, and 109 to vehicle cream. An IGA score indicating clear or almost clear at week 6 was observed in 28% of the patients in the roflumilast 0.3% group, in 23% in the roflumilast 0.15% group, and in 8% in the vehicle group (P<0.001 and P=0.004 vs. vehicle for roflumilast 0.3% and 0.15%, respectively). Among the approximately 15% of patients overall who had baseline intertriginous psoriasis of at least mild severity, an IGA score at week 6 indicating clear or almost clear plus a 2-grade improvement in the intertriginous-area IGA score occurred in 73% of the patients in the roflumilast 0.3% group, 44% of those in the roflumilast 0.15% group, and 29% of those in the vehicle group. The mean baseline PASI scores were 7.7 in the roflumilast 0.3% group, 8.0 in the roflumilast 0.15% group, and 7.6 in the vehicle group; the mean change from baseline at week 6 was 50.0%, 49.0%, and 17.8%, respectively. Application-site reactions occurred with similar frequency in the roflumilast groups and the vehicle group.
Roflumilast cream administered once daily to affected areas of psoriasis was superior to vehicle cream in leading to a state of clear or almost clear at 6 weeks. Longer and larger trials are needed to determine the durability and safety of roflumilast in psoriasis.
The New England Journal of Medicine：《新英格兰医学杂志》，创刊于1812年。隶属于美国麻省医学协会，最新IF：70.67